What’s the difference between NSC and FD?

Two widely trusted investment options are Fixed Deposit (FD) and National Savings Certificate (NSC). Both are time-tested, come with low risk, and ensure steady returns for you in the long run. However, picking between the two can often be difficult.

Learn about the differences between these two financial products so that you can make the right choice while investing your money:

What are FD and NSC?

  • Fixed Deposit (FD) is a low-risk financial instrument offered by banks, NBFCs, and post offices. Customers make a one-time payment for the chosen tenure, and this earns them interest at a fixed rate throughout the tenure of the scheme.
  • National Savings Certificate (NSC) is offered by the Government of India as part of the Indian Postal Service’s savings scheme. It is a savings bond with a maturity of five years and is a good scheme to reduce tax liability.

NSC vs FD: Key differences

Parameter National Savings Certificate Fixed Deposit


5 years

7 days to 10 years

Maximum investment

No limit

No limit

Loan benefit

Can be used as collateral against loans

Can be used as collateral against loans

Tax liability

TDS is not applicable

10% TDS is deducted on interest earned

Interest rate

Usually higher than FD at around 8%

Slightly lower than NSC (6%-8%)

Compounding frequency


Quarterly (in most cases)

NSC vs FD:

Which is the better choice?

Both FD and NSC are low-risk and secure investment options. They share several common features, including tax benefits up to Rs 1.5 lakh under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.

Interest rates on FD and NSC are fixed throughout the tenure, and neither has a cap on the maximum amount that can be invested. So, the selection is a personal choice that can vary from individual to individual.

To know which one is better for you, use the FD vs NSC calculator. 

Open a Fixed Deposit with Mahindra Finance today and enjoy lucrative interest and several other benefits. Visit our website to learn more.

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Principal: 75 %
Interest Payable: 25 %

For illustration purpose only

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